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Novartis announced Major study published in NEJM confirms Ultibro Breezhaler superiority over Sere

Research Insight
Typography
  • FLAME study showed consistent superiority of Ultibro® Breezhaler® over Seretide® across exacerbation outcomes, lung function and health-related quality of life in COPD patients
  • Ultibro Breezhaler also significantly reduced the rate and prolonged the time to the first moderate or severe exacerbation, compared to Seretide
  • Results published in the New England Journal of Medicine are anticipated to have important implications for the care of people living with COPD

World pharma today/Press releases/-Novartis announced the New England Journal of Medicine publication of the head-to-head FLAME study comparing the efficacy of once-daily Ultibro® Breezhaler®(indacaterol/glycopyrronium bromide) 110/50 mcg to twice-daily Seretide® (salmeterol/fluticasone [SFC]) 50/500 mcg in reducing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations. In addition to meeting the primary endpoint (non-inferiority), findings demonstrated the superiority of Ultibro Breezhaler over the widely used inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/LABA* combination on exacerbation outcomes[1]. The published FLAME results are anticipated to impact the future management and treatment of COPD patients.

* a long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist

Preventing exacerbations is one of the primary goals of long-term care for COPD patients. These episodes have a detrimental effect on quality of life and disease progression[2], contributing to further lung function decline[3],[4] and, in severe cases, hospitalization[5] and even death[2].

"Reducing exacerbations is absolutely critical to improve outcomes and quality of life for COPD patients," said Vasant Narasimhan, Global Head Drug Development and Chief Medical Officer for Novartis. "The FLAME study has clearly shown that Ultibro Breezhaler is superior to the current standard of care in reducing exacerbations, marking a shift away from therapies containing steroids for the optimal treatment of COPD patients."

The results of FLAME confirmed that Ultibro Breezhaler is superior to SFC in reducing exacerbation outcomes regardless of a patient's disease severity and eosinophil levels (a type of white blood cell)[1]. Significantly, compared to SFC, Ultibro Breezhaler both reduced the rate of moderate or severe exacerbations with a 17% risk reduction (rate ratio, 0.83), and prolonged the time to the first of these episodes with a 22% risk reduction (hazard ratio, 0.78)1. The safety profiles of the two treatments were consistent with their known profiles. The incidence of pneumonia was higher with SFC than Ultibro Breezhaler (3.2% vs 4.8%: a statistically significant difference)[1].

These data were also presented to the scientific community for the first time today at the 2016 Annual Meeting of American Thoracic Society (ATS) in San Francisco, USA.

About FLAME
FLAME was a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group, non-inferiority, active-controlled 52-week study involving 3,362 COPD patients and conducted at 356 sites across 43 countries[6].

Results confirmed that Ultibro Breezhaler 110/50 mcg met its primary endpoint (non-inferiority) and furthermore demonstrated superiority to SFC 50/500 mcg on the rate of all COPD exacerbations (mild/moderate/severe) over one year of treatment in COPD patients with a history of at least one exacerbation in the previous year. Against further secondary endpoints, Ultibro Breezhaler was also superior compared to SFC in reducing or improving the following[1]:

 

  • Rate and time to first moderate or severe COPD exacerbation
  • Time to first COPD exacerbation (mild/moderate/severe)
  • Time to first severe COPD exacerbation
  • Lung function (trough FEV[1])
  • Health-related quality of life (St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire)

 

FLAME is part of the IGNITE Phase III clinical trial program exploring Ultibro Breezhaler for the treatment of COPD.

About Ultibro Breezhaler
Ultibro Breezhaler 110/50 mcg is a once-daily LABA+/LAMA++ dual bronchodilator approved in the European Union (EU) as a maintenance bronchodilator treatment to relieve symptoms in adult patients with COPD[7]. Clinical trials have shown that it offers statistically significant improvements in bronchodilation compared to treatments widely used as current standards of care, including SFC 50/500 mcg[8],[9],[10] and open-label tiotropium (18 mcg). Ultibro Breezhaler is currently approved for use in over 80 countries worldwide, including countries within the EU and Latin America, Japan, Canada, Switzerland and Australia.

+ a long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist

++ a long-acting muscarinic antagonist

About the Novartis COPD portfolio
Novartis is committed to addressing the unmet medical needs of COPD patients and improving their quality of life by providing innovative medicines and devices. The Novartis COPD portfolio includes Ultibro Breezhaler (indacaterol/glycopyrronium bromide), Seebri® Breezhaler® (glycopyrronium bromide) and Onbrez® Breezhaler®/ArcaptaTM NeohalerTM (indacaterol), which are all indicated as maintenance treatments for COPD patients. Glycopyrronium bromide was exclusively licensed to Novartis in April 2005 by Vectura and its co-development partner Sosei.

Novartis continues development of respiratory products for delivery via the low resistance Breezhaler®inhalation device, which makes it suitable for patients with different severities of airflow limitation[11]. The Breezhaler device allows patients to hear, feel and see that they have taken the full dose correctly[7],[11].

About COPD
hronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects an estimated 210 million people worldwide[12] and is the third leading cause of death[13]. It is progressive (usually gets worse over time), and can be a life-threatening disease[14],[15]. COPD makes it difficult to breathe, with symptoms that have a destructive impact on patients' function (i.e. activity limitation, decreased mobility) and quality of life[14],[15].

Exacerbations (disease flare-ups) are a sudden worsening of COPD symptoms that can be "frightening" for patients, causing distress, anxiety and the deterioration of quality of life[16]. COPD exacerbations are also associated with significant healthcare resource burden and costs[17], particularly due to the frequent need for hospitalization. Consequently, the prevention of exacerbations is an important goal in COPD management to improve long-term health status and conserve healthcare resources[18].

About Novartis
Novartis provides innovative healthcare solutions that address the evolving needs of patients and societies. Headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, Novartis offers a diversified portfolio to best meet these needs: innovative medicines, eye care and cost-saving generic pharmaceuticals. Novartis is the only global company with leading positions in these areas. In 2015, the Group achieved net sales of USD 49.4 billion, while R&D throughout the Group amounted to approximately USD 8.9 billion (USD 8.7 billion excluding impairment and amortization charges). Novartis Group companies employ approximately 118,000 full-time-equivalent associates. Novartis products are available in more than 180 countries around the world. For more information, please visit http://www.novartis.com .

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[1] Wedzicha JA, Banerji D, Chapman KR, et al. Indacaterol/Glycopyrronium Versus Salmeterol/Fluticasone for COPD Exacerbations. New England Journal of Medicine. 2016. Available at:www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1516385(link is external) [Accessed 15 May 2016].
[2] Soler-Cataluña JJ, Martinez-Garcia MA, Sanchez PR, et al. Severe acute exacerbations and mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thorax. 2005;60:925-931
[3] Donaldson GC, Seemungal TA, Bhowmik A, Wedzicha JA. Relationship between exacerbation frequency and lung function decline in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thorax. 2002;57:847-52
[4] Vestbo J, Edwards LD, Scanlon PD, et al. Changes in forced expiratory volume in 1 second over time in COPD. N Engl J Med. 2011;365:1184-92.
[5] Müllerova H, Maselli DJ, Locantore N, et al. Hospitalized exacerbations of COPD: risk factors and outcomes in the ECLIPSE cohort. Chest. 2015;147:999-1007.
[6] Clinicaltrials.gov. QVA vs. Salmeterol/Fluticasone, 52-week Exacerbation Study (FLAME). NCT01782326. Available at: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01782326?term=NCT01782326&rank=1(link is external) [Accessed 10 March 2016].
[7] Ultibro Breezhaler EU Summary of Product Characteristics. Available at:http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/EPAR_-_Product_Information/human/002679/ WC500151255.pdf(link is external) [Accessed 10 March 2016].
[8] Vogelmeier C, et al. Once-daily QVA149 provides clinically meaningful improvements in lung function and clinical outcomes versus placebo, indacaterol, glycopyrronium, tiotropium and salmeterol/fluticasone in patients with COPD. [ATS abstract 40759; Session C45; Date: May 21, 2013 Time: 8:15 -10:45].
[9] Vogelmeier C, et al. Once-daily QVA149 provides clinically meaningful improvements in lung function and clinical outcomes. [ERS 2013 abstract 851178; Session 82; Date: September 8, 2013 Time: 12:50-14:40].
[10] Banerji D, et al. Dual bronchodilation with once-daily QVA149 improves dyspnea and health status and reduces symptoms and rescue medication use in patients with COPD: the IGNITE trials. [ERS 2013 abstract 851388; Session 346; Date: September 10, 2013 Time: 8:30-10:30].
[11] Pavkov R, Mueller S, Fiebich K, et al. Characteristics of a capsule based dry powder inhaler for the delivery of indacaterol. CMRO. 2010;26; 11:2527-2533.
[12] Global Alliance Against Chronic Respiratory Diseases (GARD). 8th General Meeting. Available at:http://www.who.int/gard/publications/GARDGMreport2013.pdf(link is external) [Accessed 10 March 2016].
[13] World Health Organization: The top 10 causes of death fact sheet No 310. Available at:http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs310/en/(link is external) [Accessed 10 March 2016].
[14] Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Updated 2016. Available at:http://www.goldcopd.org/uploads/users/files/WatermarkedGlobal%20Strategy...(link is external)(1).pdf [Accessed 10 March 2016].
[15] Global Alliance Against Chronic Respiratory Diseases (GARD). Global surveillance, prevention and control of chronic respiratory diseases: a comprehensive approach. Available at:http://www.who.int/gard/publications/GARD_Manual/en/(link is external) [Accessed 10 March 2016].
[16] Adams R, Chavannes N, Jones K, et al. Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-a patients' perspective. Prim Care Respir J. 2006;15:2:102-109.
[17] Toy EL, Gallagher K, Stanley E, et al. The economic impact of exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and exacerbation definition: a review. COPD. 2010;7:214-28.
[18] Anzueto A. Impact of exacerbations on COPD. European Respiratory Review. 2010;19:116:113-118.

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